Patient/problem Patients with posterior maxillary region resorption who are planned to receive implant prosthesis, or tested animals.
Intervention Sinus augmentation using tooth material in different forms; powder, block.
Comparison Other bone graft materials used in sinus augmentation - allograft, xenograft, and alloplast.
Outcome Gained bone height after grafting, stability of sinus graft height, bone formation and regeneration potential as shown in histomorphometric analysis, implant stability, complications, implant survival.
Focus question Is utilizing teeth as bone graft in sinus augmentation procedures can be considered as effective as currently used bone grafts?